In the second chapter of our series about Christmas traditions from around the world, Anna Fosse Galtier, one of our junior consultants, has written about the festival of light (Festival des Lumières), a historic tradition from Lyon, the city in France where she grew up.
The origins of the festival date back to 1643 when Lyon was struck by a plague On September 8, 1643, the city councillors promised to pay tribute to the Virgin Mary if the town was spared and released from the plague. Ever since, a solemn procession makes its way to the Basilica of Fourvière on 8 December (See if you can spot it in the picture above!) to light candles and give offerings in the name of Mary. Thus, in part, the event is a commemoration of the day Lyon was consecrated to the Virgin Mary.
Throughout the centuries, it became a tradition that on the 8th, every house places candles along the outsides of all of its windows and this in turn produces a spectacular effect throughout the streets.
The event outgrew its religious origins and in its modern form is now organised by the municipality itself. Every year, for 4 days, the entire city lights up and big events are organised across Lyon, all with numerous different activities based on light. Visitors come from all over the world to walk around Lyon's streets to soak up the atmosphere and admire this enchanting tradition.
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In 1955, the flag of Europe is adopted by Council of Europe.